Paul Pennington

Marine Biologist, NOAA NOS NCCOS

Address: Hollings Marine Laboratory, NOAA, 331 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412
Phone: 843.460.9699


Ph.D., 2002, University of South Carolina
M.S., 1996, College of Charleston

Research Interests

  • Aquatic toxicology/ecotoxicology/biostatistics
  • Non-point source pollution in aquatic systems
  • Coastal land use and population growth
  • Monitoring of emerging contaminants in aquatic systems
  • The development, refinement, and usage of laboratory bioassays, microcosms, mesocosms and flow-through systems for aquatic toxicology
  • Data processing and biostatistical analysis

Current and planned research projects:

  • effects of oil and oil mitigation strategies on marine and estuarine organisms in mesocosm systems
  • method development of field-based mesocosms (in situ deployments)
  • long-term biomonitoring of grass shrimp populations


  • DeLorenzo, M., P. Key, K. Chung, E. Pisarski, B. Shaddrix, E. Wirth, P. Pennington, J. Wade, M. Franco and M. Fulton. 2017. "Comparative toxicity of two chemical dispersants and dispersed oil in estuarine organisms." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology: 1-17.
  • Downs, C. A., E. Kramarsky-Winter, R. Segal, J. Fauth, S. Knutson, O. Bronstein, F. R. Ciner, R. Jeger, Y. Lichtenfeld, C. M. Woodley, P. Pennington, K. Cadenas, A. Kushmaro and Y. Loya. 2016. "Toxicopathological Effects of the Sunscreen UV Filter, Oxybenzone (Benzophenone-3), on Coral Planulae and Cultured Primary Cells and Its Environmental Contamination in Hawaii and the U.S. Virgin Islands." Archives of Environmental Contamination and Toxicology 70(2): 265-288.
  • Scott, G. I., D. E. Porter, R. S. Norman, C. H. Scott, M. I. Uyaguari-Diaz, K. A. Maruya, S. B. Weisberg, M. H. Fulton, E. F. Wirth, J. Moore, P. L. Pennington, D. Schlenk, G. P. Cobb and N. D. Denslow. 2016. "Antibiotics as CECs: An Overview of the Hazards Posed by Antibiotics and Antibiotic Resistance." Frontiers in Marine Science 3(24).
  • Bratkovics, S., E. Wirth, Y. Sapozhnikova, P. Pennington and D. Sanger. 2015. Baseline monitoring of organic sunscreen compounds along South Carolina's coastal marine environment. Mar Pollut Bull 101: 370-377. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.10.015.
  • Reed, L.A., W.E. McFee, P.L. Pennington, E.F. Wirth and M.H. Fulton. 2015. A survey of trace element distribution in tissues of the dwarf sperm whale (Kogia sima) stranded along the South Carolina coast from 1990-2011. Mar Pollut Bull 100: 501-506. doi:10.1016/j.marpolbul.2015.09.005.
  • Downs, C. A., E. Kramarsky-Winter, J. Fauth, R. Segal, O. Bronstein, R. Jeger, Y. Lichtenfeld, C. Woodley, P. Pennington, A. Kushmaro, and Y. Loya. 2014. Toxicological effects of the sunscreen UV filter, benzophenone-2, on planulae and in vitro cells of the coral, Stylophora pistillata. Ecotoxicology 23:175-191.
  • Pennington, P. L., H. Harper-Laux, Y. Sapozhnikova, and M. H. Fulton. 2014.  Environmental effects and fate of the insecticide bifenthrin in a salt-marsh mesocosm. Chemosphere 112:18-25.
  • Wirth, E. F., P. L. Pennington, C. Cooksey, L. Schwacke, L. Balthis, J. Hyland, and M. H. Fulton. 2014. Distribution and sources of PCBs (Aroclor 1268) in the Sapelo Island National Estuarine Research Reserve. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, DOI: 10.1007/s10661-014-4039-4
  • Burns, J. M., P. L. Pennington, P. N. Sisco, R. Frey, S. Kashiwada, M. H. Fulton, G. I. Scott, A. W. Decho, C. J. Murphy, T. J. Shaw, and J. L. Ferry. 2013. Surface charge controls the fate of au nanorods in saline estuaries. Environ Sci Technol 47:12844-12851.
  • Cleveland, Danielle, Stephen E. Long, Paul L. Pennington, Emily Cooper, Michael H. Fulton, Geoffrey I. Scott, Timothy Brewer, Jeff Davis, Elijah J. Petersen, Laura Wood. 2012. Pilot estuarine mesocosm study on the environmental fate of Silver nanomaterials leached from consumer products. Science of The Total Environment, Volumes 421–422 (2012) pages 267-272.