Chris Freeman

College of Charleston

Address: College of Charleston, Department of Biology, Charleston, SC 29424, RITA 204
Personal Website:


Ph.D., 2012, University of Alabama at Birmingham
M.S., 2007, Georgia Southern University
B.A., 2004, Connecticut College

Research Interests

  • Coral reef ecology
  • Symbioses
  • Food webs

Current and planned research projects

  • Sponge-microbial symbiont associations in the Caribbean
  • Microplastics in marine sponges
  • Sponges and coral reef nutrient cycling


  • Freeman, C.J., C.G. Easson, K.M. Matterson, R.W. Thacker, D.M. Baker, and V.J. Paul. 2020. Ecological diversification in Caribbean sponges: a new perspective on an ancient association. ISME J 14:1571-1583
  • Galimany, E., J. Lunt, C.J. Freeman, J. Houk, T. Sauvage, L. Santos, J. Lunt, M. Kolmakova, M. Mossop, A. Domingos, E.J. Phlips, and V.J. Paul. 2020. Bivalve feeding responses to microalgal bloom species in the Indian River Lagoon: the potential for top-down control. Estuaries and Coasts
  • Paul, V.J., C.J. Freeman, and V. Agarwal. 2019.  Chemical ecology of marine sponges: New opportunities through “-Omics”. Integrative and Comparative Biology
  • Cantrell, T.P., C.J. Freeman, V.J. Paul, V. Agarwal, and N. Garg. 2019. Mass spectrometry-based integration and expansion of the chemical diversity harbored within a marine sponge. Journal of the American Society for Mass Spectrometry 2019
  • Janiak, D.J., R.W. Osman, C.J. Freeman, and V.J. Paul. 2018. Artificial structures versus mangrove prop roots: a general comparison of epifaunal communities within the Indian River Lagoon, Florida, USA. Marine Ecology Progress Series 607: 85-98.
  • Freeman, C.J., D. Janiak, R. Osman, M. Mossop, and V.J. Paul. 2018. Spatial and temporal shifts in the diet of the barnacle Amphibalanus eburneus within a subtropical estuary. Peer J 6:e5485;
  • Ohdera, A.H., M.J. Abrams, C.L. Ames, D.M. Baker, L.P. Suescún-Bolívar, A.G. Collins, C.J. Freeman, E. Gamero-Mora, T.L. Goulet, D.K. Hofmann, A. Jaimes-Becerra, P.F. Long, A.C. Marques, L.A. Miller, L.D. Mydlarz, A.C. Morandini, C.R. Newkirk, S.P. Putri, J.E. Samson, S.N. Stampar, B. Steinworth, M. Templeman, P.E. Thomé, M. Vlok, C. M. Woodley, J.C.Y. Wong, M.Q. Martindale, W.K. Fitt, and M. Medina. 2018. Upside-Down but headed in the right direction: Review of the highly versatile Cassiopea xamachana system. Frontiers in Ecology and Evolution 6:35
  • Freeman, C.J., E.W. Stoner, C.G. Easson, K.O. Matterson, and D.M. Baker. 2017. ariation in δ13C and δ15N values suggests a coupling of host and symbiont metabolism in the Symbiodinium-Cassiopea mutualism. Marine Ecology Progress Series 571: 245-251
  • Galimany, E., J. Lunt, C.J. Freeman, S. Reed, I. Segura-Garcia, and V.J. Paul. 2017. Feeding behavior of oysters (Crassostrea virginica) and clams (Mercenaria mercenaria) in shallow estuaries: implications for bivalve restoration. Marine Ecology Progress Series 567: 125-137
  • Fiore, C.L., C.J. Freeman, and E.B. Kujawinski. 2017. Sponge exhalent seawater contains a unique chemical profile of dissolved organic matter. Peer J 5:e2870
  • Galimany, E., C.J. Freeman, J. Lunt, A. Domingos, L. Walters, and P. Sack. 2017. Feeding competition between the native oyster Crassostrea virginica and the invasive mussel Mytella charruana. Marine Ecology Progress Series 564: 57-66
  • Freeman, C.J. and C.G. Easson. 2016. Sponge distribution and the presence of photosymbionts in Moorea, French Polynesia. Peer J 4:e1816