CofC Logo

Paul Sandifer

Research Associate (Professor), College of Charleston

Address: Hollings Marine Laboratory, 331 Fort Johnson Road
Phone: 843.460.9943


Ph.D., Marine Science, University of Virginia, 1972

Research Interests

  • Connections between ocean health and human health
  • Biodiversity, ecosystem services and human well-being
  • Coastal ecology
  • Aquaculture
  • Ocean policy

Current and planned research projects

  • Modeling stress-associated health effects of multiple impacted ecosystem services in the Gulf of Mexico.
  • Mechanisms by which exposure to coastal biodiversity may improve human health and well-being.


  • Allen, A.L., C.W. Brown, A.J. Lewitus, and P.A. Sandifer. 2015. The roles of emerging technology and modeling techniques in operational ecological forecasting at NOAA. Marine Technology Society Journal 49(2):193-203.
  • Sandifer, P.A., A.E. Sutton-Grier, and B.P. Ward. 2015. Exploring connections among nature, biodiversity, ecosystem services, and human health and well-being: opportunities to enhance health and biodiversity conservation. Ecosystem Services 12:1-15. DOI: 10.1016/j.ecoser.2014.12.007.
  • Sandifer, P.A. and A. E. Sutton-Grier. 2014. Connecting stressors, ocean ecosystem services, and human health. Natural Resources Forum. 38:157-167. DOI: 10.1111/1477-8947.12047.
  • Sandifer, P.A., J. M. Trtanj, and T.K. Collier. 2013.  A Perspective on the History and Evolution of an Oceans and Human Health “Metadiscipline” in the USA.  Microbial Ecology. 65:880-888.
  • Halpern, B. S., J. Diamond, S. Gaines, S. Gelcich, M. Gleason, S. Jennings, S. Lester, A. Mace, L. McCook, K. McLeod, N. Napoli, K. Rawson, J. Rice, A. Rosenberg, M. Ruckelshaus, B. Saier, P. Sandifer, A. Sholtz, A. Zivian.  2012.  Near-term priorities for the science, policy and practice of Coastal and Marine Spatial Planning (CMSP).  Marine Policy 36:198-205.
  • Fautin, D., P. Dalton, L. Incze, J-A Leong, C. Pautzke, A. Rosenberg, P. Sandifer, G. Sedberry, J. Tunnel, I. Abbott, R. Brainard, M. Brodeur, L. Eldredge, M. Feldman, F. Moretzsohn, P. Vroom, M. Wainstein, and N. Wolff.  2010.  An overview of marine biodiversity in United States waters. PlosOne. 5(8):e11914.
  • Foley, M.M., B. S. Halpern, F. Micheli, M. H. Armsby, M. R. Caldwell, C. M. Crain, E. Prahler, D. Sivas, N. Rohr, M.W. Beck, M.H. Carr, L. B. Crowder, J. E. Duffy, S. D. Hacker, K. McLeod, C. H. Peterson, H. M. Regan, M. H. RUckelshaus, P. A. Sandifer, R. S. Steneck. 2010. Guiding ecological principles for marine spatial planning. Marine Policy 34(5):955-966.
  • Palumbi, S. R., P. A. Sandifer, J. D. Allan, M. W. Beck, D. G. Fautin, M. J. Fogarty, B. S. Halpern, L. S. Incze, J-A. Leong, E. Norse, J. J. Stachowicz, and D. H. Wall. 2009. Managing for ocean biodiversity to sustain marine ecosystem services. Front Ecol Environ 2009; 7(4): 204-211.