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Paul Pennington

Marine Biologist, NOAA NOS NCCOS

Address: NOAA, 219 Fort Johnson Road
Phone: 843.460.9699


Ph.D., 2002, University of South Carolina
M.S., 1996, College of Charleston

Research Interests

  • Aquatic toxicology/ecotoxicology/biostatistics
  • Non-point source pollution in aquatic systems
  • Coastal land use and population growth
  • Monitoring of emerging contaminants in aquatic systems
  • The development, refinement, and usage of laboratory bioassays, microcosms, mesocosms and flow-through systems for aquatic toxicology
  • Data manipulation and biostatistical analysis

Current and planned research projects:

  • effects of oil and dispersants on marine and estuarine organisms in mesocosm systems
  • toxicology of pesticides, pharmaceuticals, metals and PAHs in algae, crustaceans and fish
  • sediment toxicity tests utilizing benthic and pelagic aquatic animals
  • detecting nonpoint source runoff effects on estuarine ecosystems


  • Daugomah, J.W., Key, P.B., West, J.B., Shea, N.R., McDaniel, S., Pennington, P.L., and Fulton, M.H. 2014. Relationship between land use classification and grass shrimp Palaemonetes spp. population metrics in coastal watersheds. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 1-9.
  • Downs, C. A., E. Kramarsky-Winter, J. Fauth, R. Segal, O. Bronstein, R. Jeger, Y. Lichtenfeld, C. Woodley, P. Pennington, A. Kushmaro, and Y. Loya. 2014. Toxicological effects of the sunscreen UV filter, benzophenone-2, on planulae and in vitro cells of the coral, Stylophora pistillata. Ecotoxicology 23:175-191.
  • Pennington, P. L., H. Harper-Laux, Y. Sapozhnikova, and M. H. Fulton. 2014. Environmental effects and fate of the insecticide bifenthrin in a salt-marsh mesocosm. Chemosphere 112:18-25.
  • Burns, J. M., P. L. Pennington, P. N. Sisco, R. Frey, S. Kashiwada, M. H. Fulton, G. I. Scott, A. W. Decho, C. J. Murphy, T. J. Shaw, and J. L. Ferry. 2013. Surface charge controls the fate of au nanorods in saline estuaries. Environ Sci Technol 47:12844-12851.
  • Scott, G. I., M. H. Fulton, M. E. DeLorenzo, E. F. Wirth, P. B. Key, P. L. Pennington, D. M. Kennedy, D. Porter, G. T. Chandler, C. H. Scott, and J. L. Ferry. 2013. The Environmental Sensitivity Index and Oil and Hazardous Materials Impact Assessments: Linking Prespill Contingency Planning and Ecological Risk Assessment. Journal of Coastal Research:100-113.
  • Balthis, W.L., Hyland, J.L., Fulton, M.H., Pennington, P.L., Cooksey, C., Key, P.B., Delorenzo, M.E., & Wirth, E.F. 2009 (In press). Effects of chemically spiked sediments on estuarine benthic communities: a controlled mesocosm study.Environ Monitoring Assessment. Vol TBA.
  • Ferry, J.L., Craig, P., Hexel, C., Sisco, P., Frey, R., Pennington, P.L., Fulton, M.H., Scott, I.G., Decho, A.W., Kashiwada, S., Murphy, C.J., & Shaw, T.J. 2009 Transfer of gold nanoparticles from the water column to the estuarine food web. Nature Nanotechnology, 4, 441-444.
  • Key, P.B., J. Hoguet, K.W. Chung, J.J. Venturella, P.L. Pennington, M.H. Fulton.  2009.  Lethal and sublethal effects of simvastatin, irgarol, and PBDE-47 on the estuarine fish, Fundulus heteroclitus.  Journal of Environmental Science and Health Part B 44(4):379-382.
  • Winder, V.L., Sapozhnikova, Y., Pennington, P.L., & Wirth, E.F. 2009. Effects of fluoxetine exposure on serotonin-related activity in the sheepshead minnow (Cyprinodon variegatus) using LC/MS/MS detection and quantitation. Comparative Biochemistry and Physiology, Part C 149 (2009) 559–565.
  • DeLorenzo, M.E., Pennington, P.L., Chung, K.W., Finnegan, M.C., & Fulton, M.H. 2009.  Effects of the antifouling compound, Irgarol 1051, on a simulated estuarine salt marsh ecosystem. Ecotoxicology, 18, 250-8.