Peter Kingsley-Smith

South Carolina Department of Natural Resources

Address: Marine Resources Research Institute, 217 Fort Johnson Road, Charleston, SC 29412
Phone: 843.953.9840


Ph.D., 2002, University College of North Wales, Bangor, UK

Research Interests

  • Ecology of oyster reef-associated finfish and invertebrate assemblages
  • Population assessments of bivalve and crustacean shellfish species for sustainable management and directed restoration efforts
  • Research in support of improvements to South Carolina shellfish aquaculture
  • Background in molluscan ecology, invasive species biology, invertebrate zoology, optimal foraging theory, predator-prey community dynamics and larval ecology

Current research projects

  • Evaluation of alternative restoration materials and novel structures to enhance the ecological services and fisheries value provided by oyster reef habitat;
  • Eevelopment of improved regulations related to living shorelines based on field evaluations of shoreline stabilization structures;
  • Industry collaborations to improve in-state aquaculture, including the development of best management practices by evaluating new species and techniques, such as the application of triploid technology and the utilization of loating oyster cages
  • Determinations of the levels of Vibrio spp. in different shellfish species grown in different habitats to inform human health risks and shellfish management
  • State-wide assessment of the distribution and status of oyster reefs using remote sensing, ground-truthing, low altitude helicopter photography and GIS applications
  • Investigations of emerging shellfish fisheries (e.g., ribbed mussel, Geukensia demissa)
  • Statewide surveys of invasive species (e.g., Island apple snail, Pomacea maculata) and participation in regional level reporting of marine and estuarine invasive species (e.g., Asian tiger shrimp, Penaeus monodon).


  • Stone, B.W., Hadley, N.H. & Kingsley-Smith, P. R. (2013). Evaluating the potential growth advantage of triploid Eastern oysters (Crassostrea virginica) in South Carolina, USA relative to commercially cultured diploid native stocks. Journal of Shellfish Research 32(3):647-655.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Joyce, R.E., Arnott, S.A., Roumillat, W.A., McDonough, C.J. & Reichert, M.J.M. (2012).  Habitat use of intertidal Eastern oyster (Crassostrea virginica) reefs by nekton in South Carolina estuaries.  J. Shellfish Res. 31(4):1009-1021.
  • Barnes, B.B., Luckenbach, M.W. & Kingsley-Smith, P.R. (2010).  Oyster reef community interactions:  The effect of resident fauna on oyster (Crassostrea spp.) larval recruitment.  J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 391:169-177.
  • Harwell, H.D., Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Kellogg, M.L., Allen, S.M., Allen, S.K. Jr., Meritt, D.W., Paynter, K.T. Jr & Luckenbach, M.W. (2010).  Reef-associated fauna in Chesapeake Bay:  Does oyster species affect habitat function?  J. Shellfish Res.29:253-269.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Harwell, H.D, Kellogg, M.L., Allen, S.M., Allen, S.K. Jr. Meritt, D.W., Paynter, K.T. Jr. & Luckenbach, M.W. (2009).  Survival and growth of triploid Crassostrea virginica (Gmelin, 1791) and C. ariakensis (Fujita, 1913) in bottom environments of Chesapeake Bay:  Implications for an introduction. J. Shellfish Res. 28:169-184.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R. & Luckenbach, M.W. (2008). Post-settlement survival and growth of the Suminoe oyster, Crassostrea ariakensis, exposed to simulated emersion regimes. Journal of Shellfish Research 27:609-618.
  • Harding, J., Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Mann, R. & Savini, D. (2007).  Comparison of predation signatures left by Atlantic oyster drills (Urosalpinx cinerea Say; Muricidae) and veined rapa whelks (Rapana venosa Valenciennes; Muricidae) in bivalve prey. J. Exp. Mar. Biol. Ecol. 352:1-11.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Richardson, C.A. & Seed, R. (2005). Growth and development of the veliger larvae and juveniles of Polinices pulchellus (Gastropoda: Naticidae). J. Mar. Biol. Assoc. UK. 85:171-174.
  • Richardson, C.A., Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Seed, R. & Chatzinikolaou, E. (2005). Age and growth of the naticid gastropod Polinices pulchellus (Gastropoda: Naticidae) based on length frequency analysis and statolith growth rings. Marine Biology 148:319-326.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Richardson, C.A. & Seed, R. (2003a). Stereotypic and size-selective predation by Polinices pulchellus (Gastropoda: Naticidae) Risso 1826. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295:173-190.
  • Kingsley-Smith, P.R., Richards, C.A. & Seed, R. (2003b). Size-related and seasonal patterns of egg collar production by Polinices pulchellus (Gastropoda: Naticidae) Risso 1826. Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology 295:191-206.