Lori Schwacke

National Marine Mammal Foundation

Phone: 843.559.2057
E-mail: Lori.Schwacke@nmmpfoundation.org
Personal Website: https://www.carmmha.org


Ph.D., 1999, Medical University of South Carolina

Research Interests

  • Sentinel marine species as indicators of ocean health
  • Marine wildlife epidemiology
  • Population models for risk and injury assessment

Current and planned research projects

  • Consortium for Advanced Research on Marine Mammal Health Assessments (CARMMHA)
  • Linking Physiological Measures of Individual Health to Population Vital Rates for Cetaceans
  • Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals


  • L. H. Schwacke, L. Thomas, R. S. Wells, W. E. McFee, A. A. Hohn, K. D. Mullin, E. S. Zolman, B. M. Quigley, T. K. Rowles, J. H. Schwacke 2017. Quantifying injury to common bottlenose dolphins from the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using an age-, sex- and class-structured population model. Endanger Species Res 33, 265-279.
  • L. Thomas, C. G. Booth, P. E. Rosel, A. Hohn, J. Litz, L. H. Schwacke 2017. Where were they from? Modelling the source stock of dolphins stranded after the Deepwater Horizon oil spill using genetic and stable isotope data. Endanger Species Res 33, 253-264.
  • A.J. Hall, B.J. McConnell, L.H. Schwacke, G.M. Ylitalo, R. Williams, T.K. Rowles 2017. Predicting the effects of polychlorinated biphenyls on cetacean populations through impacts on immunity and calf survival. Environmental Pollution, 233, pp. 407-418, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.envpol.2017.10.074.
  • J.S. Morey, K.A.B. Huntington, M. Campbell, T.M. Clauss, C.E. Goertz, R.C. Hobbs, D. Lundardi, A.J. Moors, M.G. Neely, L.H. Schwacke, F.M. VanDolah 2017. De novo transcriptome assembly and RNA-Seq expression analysis in blood from beluga whales of Bristol Bay, AK, Marine Genomics, 35, pp. 77-92, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.margen.2017.08.001
  • National Academies of Sciences, Engineering, and Medicine. 2016. Approaches to Understanding the Cumulative Effects of Stressors on Marine Mammals. Washington, DC: The National Academies Press. doi: 10.17226/23479
  • Schwacke, L.H., C.R. Smith, F.I. Townsend, R.S. Wells, L.B. Hart, B.C. Balmer, T.K. Collier, S. De Guise, M.M. Fry, L.J. Guillette, S.V. Lamb, S.M. Lane, W.E. McFee, N.J. Place, M.C. Tumlin, G.M. Ylitalo, E.S. Zolman, T.K. Rowles 2014. Health of Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Barataria Bay, Louisiana, Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(1), doi: 10.1021/es403610f.
  • Schwacke L.H., E.S. Zolman, B.C. Balmer, S. De Guise, J. Hoguet, A.A. Hohn, J. R. Kucklick, S. Lamb, M. Levin, J. Litz,W.E. McFee, N. Place, F.I. Townsend, R.S. Wells, T.K. Rowles 2012.  Anemia, hypothyroidism and immune suppression associated with PCB exposure in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 279, 48-57.
  • Balmer B.C., L.H. Schwacke, R.S. Wells, R.C. George, J. Hoguet, J.R. Kucklick, S.M. Lane, A. Martinez, W.A. McLellan, P.E. Rosel, T.K. Rowles, K. Sparks, T. Speakman, E.S. Zolman, D.A. Pabst 2011. Relationship between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and ranging patterns in common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from coastal Georgia, USA. Science of the Total Environment, 409(11), 2094-2101.
  • McFee, W.E., J. H. Schwacke, M.K. Stolen, K. D. Mullin, L. H. Schwacke 2010. Investigation of growth phases for bottlenose dolphins using a Bayesian modeling approach, Marine Mammal Science 26(1), 67-85.
  • Bejarano, A.C., F.M. VanDolah, F.M. Gulland, L.H. Schwacke 2007.  Exposure Assessment of the Biotoxin Domoic Acid in California Sea Lions:  Application of a Bioenergetic Model, Marine Ecology Progress Series 345:293-304.