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Lori Schwacke

National Marine Mammal Foundation

Phone: 843.559.2057


Ph.D., 1999, Medical University of South Carolina

Research Interests

  • Sentinel marine species as indicators of ocean health
  • Marine wildlife epidemiology
  • Population models for risk and injury assessment

Current and planned research projects

  • assessing risks from legacy chemical contaminants for marine wildlife
  • effects of oil exposure in marine wildlife
  • understanding disease transmission and risk factors in marine wildlife populations


  • Wu, Q., W.E. McFee, T. Goldstein, R. Tiller, L.H. Schwacke 2014. Real-time PCR assays for detection of Brucella spp. and the identification of genotype ST27 in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus), Journal of Microbiological Methods, 100, 99-104.
  • Schwacke, L.H., C.R. Smith, F.I. Townsend, R.S. Wells, L.B. Hart, B.C. Balmer, T.K. Collier, S. De Guise, M.M. Fry, L.J. Guillette, S.V. Lamb, S.M. Lane, W.E. McFee, N.J. Place, M.C. Tumlin, G.M. Ylitalo, E.S. Zolman, T.K. Rowles 2014. Health of Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in Barataria Bay, Louisiana, Following the Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill. Environmental Science and Technology, 48(1), doi: 10.1021/es403610f.
  • Schwacke L.H., E.S. Zolman, B.C. Balmer, S. De Guise, J. Hoguet, A.A. Hohn, J. R. Kucklick, S. Lamb, M. Levin, J. Litz,W.E. McFee, N. Place, F.I. Townsend, R.S. Wells, T.K. Rowles 2012.  Anemia, hypothyroidism and immune suppression associated with PCB exposure in bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus). Proceedings of the Royal Society: Biological Sciences, 279, 48-57.
  • Hart, L.B., R.S. Wells, L.H. Schwacke 2013. Body Mass Index and Maximum Girth Reference Ranges for Common Bottlenose Dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) in the Southeastern United States: Indices of Nutritive Condition, Aquatic Biology, 18, 63-68.
  • Balmer B.C., L.H. Schwacke, R.S. Wells, R.C. George, J. Hoguet, J.R. Kucklick, S.M. Lane, A. Martinez, W.A. McLellan, P.E. Rosel, T.K. Rowles, K. Sparks, T. Speakman, E.S. Zolman, D.A. Pabst 2011. Relationship between persistent organic pollutants (POPs) and ranging patterns in common bottlenose dolphins (Tursiops truncatus) from coastal Georgia, USA. Science of the Total Environment, 409(11), 2094-2101.
  • McFee, W.E., J. H. Schwacke, M.K. Stolen, K. D. Mullin, L. H. Schwacke 2010. Investigation of growth phases for bottlenose dolphins using a Bayesian modeling approach, Marine Mammal Science 26(1), 67-85.
  • Bejarano, A.C., F.M. VanDolah, F.M. Gulland, L.H. Schwacke 2007.  Exposure Assessment of the Biotoxin Domoic Acid in California Sea Lions:  Application of a Bioenergetic Model, Marine Ecology Progress Series 345:293-304.